Český Krumlov, a Bohemian Town from the Middle Ages
Český Krumlov is a small city in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic and is well known for its fine architecture and art of the historic old town. In 1992, Old Český Krumlov has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district.
Photo by Franz St.
Construction of the town and castle began in the late 13th century near Vltava River, which was an important element among the trade routes in Bohemia. The main attraction of this beautiful medieval town is the Český Krumlov Castle, an original Gothic structure founded by the Lords of Krumlov in 1250 and considered the second largest castle in Czech Republic, after the Hradčany castle complex of Prague. A large garden and an extensive bridge over a deep gap are the main attraction spots inside the castle.
A unique cultural heritage is represented by the Baroque theater (completed in 1766), with original stage machinery, scenery and props:, one of only a few such court theaters that still exists. Due to its age, the theater is only used three times a year (only two are open to the public), when a Baroque opera is performed in simulated candlelight. Another architectural attraction is Church of St. Vitus, a Gothic church dating back to the 15th century with frescoes from the same period.
Photo by Jordi van der Windt
Český Krumlov is known as an important cultural center, hosting festivals and other events every year. The most popular of them all, is the Five-Petalled Rose Festival, which is celebrated on the weekend of summer solstice in June. During the festival , the downtown area becomes a medieval scene with craftsmen, artists, musicians, and local people dressed in costumes from the Middle Ages. There are also summer music festivals in Český Krumlov, and the most important is the International Music Festival, which includes varied musical genres such as blues, rock or soul. If you want to get more information about Český Krumlov, here is a good place to start.
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